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Śikṣā – The Indic Shastra of Pronunciation

Śikṣā – The Indic Shastra of Pronunciation

Śikṣā one of the six Vedāṅgas, deals with generation and pronunciation of varṇas (Dhvanishastra) or phonetics in modern parlance. The systematic procedure of pronunciation developed in śikṣā helped preserve the Vedas without any variation in the most faithful way possible. Here we deal with the actual pronunciation and articulation of Samskrit letters and not grammar. Śikṣā texts are associated with each Veda shaka.

COHORT COURSE
Duration
15 weeks (45 hours)
Date & Time

-

-

Price

Course Fee: ₹4500
Medium of Instruction
Samskrit and English
Eligibility
Ability to understand English and the Samskrit words/mantras/shlokas
Delivery
Online through Indica Courses Learning Portal
Contact Details

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Introduction

Śikṣā one of the six Vedāṅgas, deals with generation and pronunciation of varṇas (Dhvanishastra) which is called phonetics in modern parlance. The systematic procedure of pronunciation developed in śikṣā helped preserve the Vedas etc without any variation in the most faithful way possible. Each Veda has a specific prātiśākhya associated with it and deals with a few aspects that are discussed in śikṣā granthas. It aids in the accurate pronunciation of Samskrit letters useful for both Vaidika and Laukika bhashas.

This course is a blend of Pronunciation aspects not just from the Śikṣā granthas but of relevant perspectives from other shastras such as Vyākaraṇa and Darshanas.

Objectives

  • To learn the generation of varṇa and role of Uccāraṇasthānas (उच्चारणस्थानानि) and Prayatnas (प्रयत्नाः) in articulation
  • To understand the consequences of Varṇa and Svara – mispronunciation
  • To understand the nature of Śabdas – Vaidika and Laukika

Expected Outcome

  • To understand the place of śikṣā in vedāṅgas
  • To learn the basics of Varṇamālā and Varṇa-krama
  • Aims to make one perfect in pronunciation of svaras for use in Vaidika and Laukika bhashas.
  • To know the Uccāraṇasthānas and Prayatnas
  • To understand Guṇas(Virtues) and Doṣās(vices) of a reader

Beneficiaries

  • All Students of Samskrit – Vaidika and Laukika studies
  • All those who are interested in learning śikṣā shastra
  • Students of saṅgītam and nāṭyam
  • Arcakas and Purohitas

Syllabus

Unit-1:

  • Introduction to Samskrit Tradition – Vaidika and Laukika – Vedapurusha
  • What is Samskritam? 18 Vidyāsthānas
  • Importance of pronunciation
  • Devabhasha – Mlecchabhasha
  • Varṇa – Pada – Vākya – Mahāvākya – Sphoṭa
  • Meaningfulness of Varṇas

Unit-2:

  • Production of Śabdas
  • Alphabet – Ac (अच्) – Hal (हल्) – Ayogavāḥaḥ (अयोगवाहाः) – time limit
  • Sthana (Uccāraṇasthānas) and Prayatnas
  • Svaras and Saṅgītam
  • Guṇas (Virtues) and Doṣas (vices) of Uccāraṇa
  • Vr̥ttis – Dr̥ta – Madhya – Vilambita

Unit-3:

  • Connection with Vyākaraṇa
  • Doṣas as per Paninian Grammar – Mahābhāṣyam
  • Prātiśākhyas- Yamavarna
  • Practicals

*50% discount for Students. To avail this offer submit your  current valid student ID ( National and International Universities) to iks@indicacademy.org to obtain a Coupon Code.

Faculty
teacher

Prof. Korada Subrahmanyam

Prof. Korada Subrahmanyam served at the Center for Applied Linguistics and Translation Studies (CALTS) since October 1988. He completed Bhashapraveena (Telugu & Sanskrit – 1975) and joined Andhra University Sanskrit Department in 1976, from where he received his Doctorate Degree in Vyakarana in 1982. He won many medals and prizes in his educational  course, while his Doctorate Thesis won the Best Thesis Award. Early on, from the age of five, he studied the texts of 18 Vidyasthanas as per the Gurukulapaddhati and went on to set an example as an excellent blend of Oriental and Occidental types of Education

Dr. Korada Subrahmanyam is adorned with the titles  “Mahamahopadhyaya”, “Sastra Bhaskara” and is the recipient of the “Vedavyasa Sammanam”.