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Tantrayukti – Indic Method of Thesis Construction

Tantrayukti – Indic Method of Thesis Construction

Tantrayukti is the discourse-binding rationale employed in the form of conventions used in Indic knowledge texts.  Employing these devices in thesis/text writing ensures coherence and conciseness in the expression of thoughts and arguments in defending the concepts.

This Indica Course is aimed to revive this glorious tradition for authentic study of Indic knowledge as well as contemporary applications.

15 Hours
Date & Time

2 February 2022 - 6 April 2022

6:30PM-8:00 PM IST

Every Wednesday


Course Fee: ₹3500
Enrollment Manual
Medium of Instruction
One year from the beginning of the course
Online through Indica Courses Learning Portal
Contact Details



Research methodology is an important subject for any research scholar. India has its own homegrown methodologies and techniques of research including specialized textual structures, coding and interpretation of content in large-volume texts and strict conventions of discourse. The present course, in the current day context, gives an insight into India’s systematic approach to thesis/text construction through an ancient set of devices called Tantrayukti, in terms of its content, structure and the language.


  • Develop a basic understanding of building blocks of a thesis/text.
  • Exposure to classical Indian systematic approach to organize thoughts of any subject
  • To learn the attributes of a good thesis/text and common defects in thesis construction

Expected Outcomes

  • Empower to decode the blueprint of any text – ancient or contemporary
  • Enable to evaluate the merits and demerits of any given text – ancient or contemporary
  • Encourage to attempt a direct application of ancient mode of thinking in current context and verify its efficacy


Unit–1: Introduction to textual wealth and the need to organize knowledge in Sanskrit tradition

  • Intellectual climate for knowledge creation – The Upanishads.  Knowledge Explosion – Textual Wealth of Ancient India 
    • Fourteen Vidyasthanas
    • Six Vedangas
    • Darshanas – Six orthodox and three heterodox
    • Itihasas – Two Epics
    • Puranas – 18 Mahapuranas
    • Poetry – Literature
    • Technical-Scientific literature
  • Organizing knowledge for preservation of knowledge. Major varieties of texts of Sanskrit traditions and their definitions 
    • Sutra – An aphoristic treatise
    • Bhashya – A commentary
    • Varttika – A text of revisions and rejoinder
    • Karika – A versified technical treatise
    • Vyakhya – A gloss
  • Scattered hints for construction of various components of texts/thesis 
    • Thoughts as seeds and it varieties – Vrittis and their definitions
    • Definition of question – Prashna lakshanam
    • Definition of answer – Uttara-lakshanam
    • Definition of a segment – Adhikarana-lakshanam
    • Creating a hypothesis and systematically addressing it – Panca-avayava-vakya
    • Conveying a single theme throughout a text – Tatparyanirnayaka-lings
    • Defining the scope of a work – Avoiding avyapti and the other two doshas

Unit–2: Tantrayukti–Comprehensive text construction manual–Introduction, History and Components

  • Definitions and derivations of Tantrayukti
  • Component of Tantrayukti
  • Tantrayukti/ Tantrasampat
  • Tantraguna
  • Tantradosha
  • History of Utilization – In Sanskrit Literature – 1500 years
    • Texts of philosophy
    • Text of polity
    • Ayurvedic texts
    • Puranic text
    • Tantrasastra texts
    • Works on tantrayukti
  • In Tamil Literature – 1900 years
  • Functions of Tantrayukti as has been discussed in the texts

Unit–3: Tantrayukti–The tools with definitions based on Arthashastra and illustrations from texts of diverse disciplines

  • The number of Devices – 32/36
  • The Yuktis/Devices of thesis construction with definition and illustration
  • For Content creation – 11 yuktis
  • To structure the text/thesis – 12 yuktis
  • To refine Language – 9 yuktis
  • Tantragunas and Tantradoshas – A few illustrations
  • Scope of further work: In consolidating the tantrayukti as a trans-discipline, trans-lingual methodology of construction and interpretation of texts of past and contemporary times

Reading List

  • Lele, W.K, (2006), Methodology of Ancient Indian Sciences, Chaukhamba Surabharati Prakashan, Varanasi.
  • Muthuswamy, N.E., (1974), Tantrayuktivicāra, Publication Division, Government Ayurveda College, Trivandrum.
  • Tantrayukti – 
  • Tantrayukti – An ancient Indian Scientific & Theoretical Text Construction Manual 
  • Video: A Talk: Tantrayukti – Tandiravutti, An Ancient Pan-Indian, Trans-lingual, Text-construction Manual –  –  Dr. Jayaraman – 57:56 

Dr M Jayaraman

A doctorate in Sanskrit from the University of Madras, Dr. Jayaraman Mahadevan is a Gold Medallist in MA(Sanskrit) and has a bachelors in English. He currently serves as the Director of Textual Research (Yoga) – Center for Consciousness Studies and Inner Transformation, INDICA.